Core references

Abbreviations

AKI
Acute kidney injury
ARF
Acute renal failure
ATN
Acute tubular necrosis
CKD
Chronic kidney disease
eGFR
Estimated glomerular filtration rate
GFR
Glomerular filtration rate
NCEPOD
National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcomes and Death

Glossary

Afferent arteriole: Blood vessel supplying the glomerulus with blood.  Dilated by PGE2.
Efferent arteriole:  Blood vessel draining blood from the glomerulus.  Constricted by angiotensin II.
Glomerulus: The ‘filtration unit’ of the kidney.  Approximately 1 million in total.  Comprised primarily of a ‘tuft’ of specialised blood vessels, the walls of which comprise the ‘barrier’ across which filtration takes place.

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